Wednesday, October 8, 2014

Where Did They Go? - A Cemetery Mystery

A follower asked about the former cemetery between Dayton and York Streets, near Central Avenue that could be seen in my previous blog post.

1869 Titus Map - Source
I did some digging and it was originally listed as the United Protestant Evangelical German St. Peter's Church Cemetery. It is mentioned in newspaper articles in 1849-1850. during the cholera epidemic. On the list below, it is marked as German Protestant (St. Peter's) Western Row. Central Avenue was originally called Western Row, since it was the western edge of town.
The Cincinnati Enquirer (1849-1852); Jul 19, 1850; pg. 2
ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Cincinnati Enquirer (1841 - 1922)

Cincinnati, R.C. Phillips C. E., 1869 - Source
Around the same time as the epidemic, because so many of the cemeteries were getting full, the Vine Street Hill Cemetery opened. It was originally called the German Evangelical Protestant Cemetery and then the Carthage Road Cemetery. Carthage Road was the name of this portion of present-day Vine Street, before its annexation to Cincinnati. The cemetery gained its current name around 1920.

The Cincinnati Enquirer (1849-1852); Oct. 12, 1871; pg. 5
ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Cincinnati Enquirer (1841 - 1922)
In 1871, the remains buried in the West End cemetery were removed and reinterred at the Vine Street Hill Cemetery. This land was then sold John Windisch and John Hauck, of the Hauck and Windisch Brewery (also known as the Dayton Street Brewery) for expansion of their operations.
The Cincinnati Enquirer (1849-1852); Feb. 27, 1873; pg. 7
ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Cincinnati Enquirer (1841 - 1922)
In 1879, John Hauck bought out John Windisch, and in 1881 the brewery became the John Hauck Brewing Company.
1891 Sanborn Insurance Map - Source
Click to Enlarge
1904 Sanborn Insurance Map - Source
Click to Enlarge
When prohibition came in 1919, the brewery stayed open by producing near beer, soda and ice. It also began renting space to the Red Top Brewing Company.
1904-1930 Sanborn Insurance Map - Source
Click to Enlarge
In 1933, with the repeal of prohibition, Red Top Brewery continues its lease at the plant. By 1945, Red Top Brewing Company expands to a second plant and becomes one of the largest in Ohio.

1950 Sanborn Insurance Map - Source
Click to Enlarge
With increasing demand for national brands, Red Top Brewery closed in the late 1950's. While many of the brewery buildings have been demolished, the original two story barn and wagon shed, built on the cemetery grounds, still stands today. Another brewery building fronting Central Avenue also remains.
2014 CAGIS Map
2014 Google Earth
Google Streetview, July 2014
The former brewing property is presently owned by The Kaiser Pickle Company, in business since 1920. The German history comes full circle. At least pickles go with beer, right?

Brewery history gathered from Cincinnati Brewing History.

Sunday, October 5, 2014

Soap and Hospital Surprise

I researched the subject for this post over a year ago, but I thought the story was interesting to share with all of you. A follower contacted me for information on the house when he purchased it in 2012, so I did some digging and came up with a couple of surprises.
526 York Street, on the right - Source: Google Streetview, July, 2014
Using 1869 Titus Map and the legal property description, I came upon my first surprise. The lot where this home was constructed was originally owned by one of the founders of Procter & Gamble, James Gamble.
1869 Titus Map - Source
James Gamble's own home was on Clark Street, south of this location, so it appears this land was purchased as an investment. The Hamilton County Auditor dates the construction of this home as 1865, which seems to be a pretty accurate date based on the city directory information and the architectural style.

Using the 1891 Sanborn Insurance Map, I discovered the address for this house was 50 York Street before the 1895-1896 street renumbering project. This allowed me to research the city directories to discover the residents of the home. In 1865, three names were listed: Anton Buerckle, a finisher, Jacob Kern, a laborer, and Charles Reitzel, also a finisher. However, in 1870, only one name is listed: Harrison Dexter, a lumber dealer whose business was located just down the street at the corner of York and Freeman. However, the 1870 Census doesn't list him as the owner of the property, so he was renting this from another person.
1870 United States Census -
1880 United States Census -
Look far to the left to see the address of "50", confirming these are the residents of 50 York Street at the time of the census.
The Dexter family moved closer to their business in 1886 and in 1888, my next surprise was revealed. When I looked at the 1891 map, something caught my eye...
1891 Sanborn Insurance Map - Source
 Right over the top of 46, 48 and 50 York Street is labeled "Christ's Hospital". I knew Christ Hospital is now in Mt. Auburn and also knew of the support the Gamble family had given it over many years, so this got me curious. I started digging in the Cincinnati Enquirer archives and found this:
Cincinnati Enquirer (1872-1922); Nov 29, 1889; pg. 8; ProQuest Historical Newspapers
So it appears James Gamble owned the home and had given use of it to the founders of Christ Hospital as a place to begin their work. In 1890, the following people were listed as living at 50 York Street:
Deaconess Home, 50 York
Davis, Mrs. M. deaconess, 50 York
Deakin Rena, deaconess, 50 York
House, Lucilia, deaconess, 50 York
Keeler, Evelyn, lunch room, 76 Freeman Av .h. 50 York
Seal, Martha, deaconess, 50 York
Thoburn, Isabella, supt. The Elizabeth Gamble Deaconess House, 50 York

In 1893, the hospital and deaconess home moved to Mount Auburn and the houses on York Street once again became rental properties. Between 1903 and 1918, the Gamble estate sold the property to Charles Richt, and he sold it to Bertha Schaub, who is living at the home in 1920 with her adult children and another family.
1920 United States Census -
Cropped to names
After a series of sales between 1925 and 1929, Ida Laugel owned the home until 1946, renting it out to various families over the years. The ownership card below shows the owners until 1990.
Hamilton County Auditor Ownership Card


Of the three original Christ's Hospital buildings, only this one remains standing. In 2012 and in 2013, the home was sold again but from the photo at the top of this post, it appears to be vacant, awaiting the current owners to breathe new life into this house of surprises.